Specific Areas

On this page you will find a brief outline of each of the four specific areas as well as useful links and ways you can support your child at home.


Before beginning to write children will need to learn to coordinate hand and eye movements, strengthen their hands and fingers so they can grip and develop balance for pencil control to name but a few of the skills that will need to be in place. Below are the stages your child may go through as they begin to write.

It is important to remember though that children develop at their own rates and in their own ways.

For tips regarding the development of writing in 3-4 year old children, please click here. 

For tips regarding the development of writing in children aged 4 and over, please click here. 

Through Nursery and Reception children will work through phases 1,2 and 3 of the KTC phonics programme. Children in Reception will also have a sight word book that they will bring home with a new word they learning highlighted each week. Additionally, we will also share books and rhymes regularly and encourage children to talk about what they can see in the illustrations.Throughout the year both fiction and non-fiction books will be placed around the classrooms to support different areas of learning and to encourage a love of reading.

For more information about reading with children aged 3-4 years, please click this link.

For information about reading with children aged 4-6 years, please click this link.


Throughout the early years, we provide children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, introducing and practising simple calculating and problem solving.

We encourage the children’s interest in numbers and counting through giving children a reason to count through day to day activities for example asking them how many milks we need, how many points we have got on GoNoodle, counting children that are here today and through songs, rhymes and stories.

We teach the children ‘counting rules’ to support counting e.g counting slowly, touching each object once and saying the numbers in order.

Please click here for tips on how to support the development of counting in 3-4 year old children.

Please click here for tips on how to support the development of counting in children aged 4 and over.

Understanding of the World

This area involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment. We aim to do this by providing a range of rich and varied experiences for our children such as hatching ducklings from eggs, growing vegetables and cooking. We also have two resident pets in the form of a Giant African Snail called Jack and a corn snake called Saturn.

Click this link for ideas on how to involve children with gardening at home.

Through R.E and collective worship the children are encouraged to celebrate and reflect on their faith as well as developing an understanding and acceptance of other cultures and faiths. We promote equality by discussing similarities and differences between ourselves and other people within their community and those from differing cultures and beliefs.

Click this link for lots of child friendly information about major faiths and festivals celebrated in Britain that you can share with your child.

Expressive Arts and Design

As we aim to foster a love of learning in our children and want our children to be creative and imaginative learners, the development of imagination is very important to us. A good imagination will enable children to think outside of the box and help them to problem solve in their later school life. Therefore we develop our children’s art and design skills through a wide range of provision that the children can access daily and actively explore. Our children will have the opportunity to independently explore painting, drawing, junk modelling, musical instruments, dance, and role play on a daily basis throughout ‘choosing time’.

Specific skills and techniques will be taught and demonstrated explicitly, for example how to use the glue to join pieces together. The idea of joining will then be explored more deeply as other possibilities for joining may be better suited to complete the job in hand.

Click this link for a range of craft activities you could try at home with your child.

Holy Cross Catholic Primary School - Leicester